The benefits top is considered as 0
In this study, decimal details is actually exhibited regarding mean and you can important deviation and you can stratified details regarding numbers and you can rates. T-try was applied examine the brand new means and you will logistic regression analysis was utilized to evaluate the fresh new independent variables within the postpartum depression. 05.
step 3. Overall performance
After collecting data, results obtained from 174 pregnant women entered statistical analysis. 23 pregnant women were excluded from the study due to positive results from the Beck test. 9 participants with gestational diabetes mellitus, 2 cases of hypothyroidism, and 5 patients with preterm labor were hospitalized. 9 people did not attend follow-up and did not respond to telephone calls, 1 had a stillbirth, and thus 49 participants were excluded from the study. The mean age of the participants was 25.7 years. 42% of the mothers experienced the first pregnancy. 67.8% of the mothers were scored below 12 in Edinburgh’s postpartum depression scale and 32.2% had a score above 12. After examining the demographic variables between the two depressed and nondepressed groups including mother’s age, education level, job, type of delivery, sex of neonate, number of pregnancies, and father’s education and job, the household income was the only variable that had significant difference in the two groups and it was lower in the depressed mothers (p <0.05) (Table 1).
The information associated with the main variables plus prepregnancy weights, bmi, the following and you will third trimester gaining weight, and type and you may full putting on weight while pregnant was in fact in addition to mathematically analyzed. Determine them, the brand new statistical attempt of logistic regression was utilized and there is actually a critical matchmaking between anxiety and you may gaining weight of your own 3rd trimester (Or = step 1.17).
According to quantity required of the IOM to possess regular and you will fat women that are pregnant, pounds transform was in fact divided into step 3 groups: inadequate, enough, and an excessive amount of, as well as connection with anxiety try investigated by logistic regression shot which did not show people tall relationships (Table dos). Once the money is actually somewhat different between disheartened and you may nondepressed groups, the partnership between anxiety and all pounds variables was remeasured with changed effectation of income and again precisely the 3rd trimester pounds gain had high relationship with despair due to the effect of earnings (Or step one.17, 95%CI step one.04-step one.32) (Dining table step 3).
Because revealed in the current analysis, there clearly was zero dating ranging from first pounds and you can initially Bmi since the really once the kind of Bmi (normal or heavy) and PPD. Research indicated that ladies in gestational months has reached the higher danger of depression and you may studies have shown a romance anywhere between obesity and despair in pregnant and you can nonpregnant women and you will determined that indeed there is actually a dosage-response dating amongst the boost in number 1 Body mass index and the improved risk of despair in pregnancy and postpartum .
In today’s studies, 33% out-of parents with typical Bmi and you may 31.4% out of heavy expectant mothers got success out-of PPD evaluation, whilst two groups did not have a positive change within the postpartum anxiety.
In line with our conclusions, LaCoursiere (2006) revealed that the frequency regarding PPD episodes in women that have regular Body mass index is actually twenty two.8 ± 1.2% therefore was 31.8% ± 2.5% for the obese girls however in an another data, certainly 245 pregnant women having typical weight during pregnancy, 7.8% about six-8 weeks immediately following delivery got despair . I hypothesized your significantly more Body mass index at the beginning of pregnancy was, more probably the mother is always to feel PPD however, the info failed to secure the theory. Fox and you will Yamaguchi (1997) concluded that when comparing to prepregnancy typical weight people, obese lady was indeed very likely to enjoys positive check about their system photo and https://datingranking.net/local-hookup/syracuse/ you will gaining weight in pregnancy and rates out of experience PPD is comparable to your a few teams .